HanJa List

HanJa Used in Korean Genealogy

 

HanJa Identifying Individuals and Names


HanJa
HanGul Pronunciation Definition & Usage
Ja Son

Precedes a typically 1 or 2 syllable given name of record (보명, BoMyung) of a son

 

 

녀or 여 Nyeo or Yeo Daughter

Precedes a typically 1 or 2 syllable given name of record (보명, BoMyung) of a daughter.  For a married daughter, it could also precede the full name of her husband (surname and given name of husband or clan, surname, and given name of husband) in addition to or instead of her name.  Check table 4.2 for family names.

Note that sometimes instead of the daughter’s name her husband’s full name is listed after this HanJa.  If a full name (surname and given name) is listed rather than just a given name it is most likely the daughter’s husband’s name.  The daughter’s husband (사위) may have an even more fully specified name by listing the clan before his surname, too.

Ja Name used at home

Precedes a typically 1 or 2 syllable given name (not a surname) by which the individual was called by at home (comparable to a nickname).  This name was given at age 20 as part of a coming of age ceremony관례(冠禮).

Ho Common name

Precedes a typically 1 or 2 syllable given name (not a surname) by which the individual was commonly called by.

一名 일명 IlMyung Another name / also known as

Precedes a typically 1 or 2 syllable additional given name (not a surname).

初名 초명 ChoMyung First name
Hwui Name used after death

Precedes a typically 1 or 2 syllable given name (not a surname) by which the individual was given after he has passed away.

諡號 시호 ShiHo Wife’s name after death.

Precedes a typically 1 or 2 syllable given name (not a surname) that the wife was given after she has passed away.

Shi Wife’s name after death

Precedes a typically 1 or 2 syllable given name (not a surname) that the wife was given after she has passed away.

Sshi Clan, Family, Mister

Used after a family name (성) or a clan/branch (본) and family name (성).  Examples:

金氏=김씨=Kim (김) family (씨)

慶州金氏=경주김씨=Kim (김) family (씨) branch that can trace its founding back to KyeongJu (경주) city.

In Person

(인, In) is translated literally as “person” and can be translated as “a person from” or “a person who belongs to”.  In genealogical records it is often a suffix used after a clan name.  Normally the clan name is the name of the town where the family originated anciently.  Note that the clan name and family name are needed to locate the JokBo record for a family, so this is a particularly useful piece of information to help genealogists link people across families in multiple JokBo records.

婿 Seo Daughter’s Husband

(Son-in-law)

Precedes the full name of the son-in-law who married a daughter.  In this case the daugher’s name is not recorded but the son-in-law’s full name is recorded.

Bae First (정실) Wife

This normally precedes the wife’s name and sometimes the wife and her father’s name or just her father’s name.  Note that the wife keeps her maiden name, so her family name is recorded, which provides the precious information needed to find her family’s JokBo to trace her genealogy, too.  Further note that in her father’s JokBo record, it could list her name as his daughter or it could list her husband’s full name, or both.  Having her father’s full name and branch/clan is extremely useful in locating her genealogy.

 

Example:

陽朴明花父錫恒

배밀양박명화부석항

First wife (, 배, Bae)  from the MilYang branch/clan of the Pak family (陽朴, 밀양박, MilYang Pak) with the family name Pak (, 박, Pak) and the Given name MyeongHwa (明花, 명화, MyeongHwa) who is the daughter of Pak SeokHang (錫恒, 석항, SeokHang).

 

后配 후배 HuBae Other Wife (Not First Wife)

See “Bae” above for details about how a wife’s name is recorded.

Shil First (정실) Wife

See “Bae” above for details about how a wife’s name is recorded.

再室 재실 JaeShil Other Wife (Not First Wife)

See “Bae” above for details about how a wife’s name is recorded.

??? 配 ??? 배 ??? Bae 2nd Wife

See “Bae” above for details about how a wife’s name is recorded.

三配 삼배 SamBae 3rd Wife

See “Bae” above for details about how a wife’s name is recorded.

Seo Daughter’s Husband (Son-in-Law)
Jeok Child of First Wife
Seo Child of Other Wife (Not First Wife)
出系 출계 ChulGyae Child Sent to Son-less Sibling or Close Family for Adoption
出后 출후 ChulHu Child Sent to Son-less Sibling or Close Family for Adoption
爲后 위후 WuiHu Adopted Child Received from Sibling or Close Family

This is normally placed after the name of the child.

系子 계자 GyaeJa Adopted Child Received from Sibling or Close Family

This is normally placed after the name of the child.

无后 무후 MuHu No Children
養子 or子養 양자

or자양

YangJa or JaYang Adopted Child Received from Sibling or Close Family
奉祀 봉사 BongSa Service Memorial

If someone dies without having children, close relatives will hold ancestral rites / annual memorial services for them as a service since they don’t have children to perform this service for them.  It may list the given name of the relative who performs this service after this designation.

Bu Father
Jo Grandfather
曾祖 증조 JeungJo Great Grandfather
高祖 고조 GoJo Great, Great Grandfather
外祖 외조 WaeJo Mother’s Father (Maternal Grandfather)
生父 생부 SaengBu Birth Father / Real Father
系男 계남 GyaeNam Adopted Son

 

HanJa for Life Events (Birth, Death)


HanJa
HanGul Pronunciation Definition & Usage
Saeng Birth

Typically follows and sometimes precedes the date of birth.

出生 출생 ChulSaeng Birth
Jol Death

Most used character to designate the death date.  It is typically preceded by and sometimes followed by the date of death.

Mang Death

Designates the death date.  It is typically preceded by and sometimes followed by the date of death.

享年 향년 HyangNyeon Death before age 70

Designates the death date for someone who died before the age of 70.  It is typically preceded by and sometimes followed by the date of death.  Note that this can be particularly useful in converting to solar years from the recorded lunar years, as lunar years are repeated in a 60 year cycle.

Su Death after age 70

Designates the death date for someone who died after the age of 70.  It is typically preceded by and sometimes followed by the date of death.  Note that this can be particularly useful in converting to solar years from the recorded lunar years, as lunar years are repeated in a 60 year cycle.

Yo Death in Youth

Designates death before age 20.  This is typically placed after the name in the JokBo.

早夭 조요 JoYo Death in Youth

Designates death before age 20.  This is typically placed after the name in the JokBo.

Myo Grave

Normally precedes the location of a grave site.  It could include gravesite row and column designations that aren’t always numeric in addition to a cemetary, mountain, village, or mountainside park name.

묘부 MyoBu  
Jwa Location or Vicinity

Normally follows the location of a grave site.

Gi Memorial Day

Designates the date of ancestoral rites or memorial services

火葬 화장 HwaJang Cremation / Funeral with Incineration

Normally follows the memorial date.

 

HanJa for Dates


HanJa
HanGul Pronunciation Definition & Usage
Il Day
Wol Month
Nyeon Year
Gap 1st of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Wood (+).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle.
Eul 2nd of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Wood (-).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle.
Byeong 3rd of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Fire (+).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle.
Jeong 4th of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Fire (-).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle.
Mu 5th of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Earth (+).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle.
Gi 6th of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Earth (-).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지).
Gyeong 7th of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Metal (+).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Shin 8th of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Metal (-).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Im 9th of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Water (+).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Gyae 10th of 10 ”Heavenly Cycle” characters: Water (-).  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Ja 1st of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Rat ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Chuk 2nd of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Ox ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
In 3rd of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Tiger ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Myo 4th of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Rabbit ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Jin 5th of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Dragon  ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Sa 6th of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Snake ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Oh 7th of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Horse ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Mi 8th of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Goat ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Shin 9th of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Monkey ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Yu 10th of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Rooster ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Sul 11th of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Dog ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..
Hae 12th of 12 “Earthly Cycle” characters: Pig ().  A Heavenly and Earthly Cycle Character are placed together to identify a year in a 60-year cycle (六十甲子, 육십갑자) (干支, 간지)..

 

 

HanJa for Numbers

HanJa HanGul Pronunciation Number
零 or  영 or공 Yeong or Gong 0
一 or 壹 or 壱 Eel 1
二 or 貳 or 弍 Ee 2
三 or 叁 or 參 or 参 Sam 3
四 or 肆 Sa 4
五 or 伍 Oh 5
六 or 陸 Yuk 6
七 or 柒 Chil 7
八 or 捌 Pal 8
九 or 玖 Gu 9
十 or 拾 Ship 10
廿 or 卄 or 念 Ip 20
Sap 30
Ship 40
 圩 50
  60
  70
  80
  90
百 or 佰 Baek 100
千 or 阡 Cheon 1,000
Man 10,000

 

HanJa for Genealogical Records


HanJa
HanGul Pronunciation Definition & Usage
祭祀 제사 JaeSa Memorial Ceremony

Memorial service or ceremony held annually after a 3 year mourning period.

祖上 조상 JoSang Ancestor
보명

족보이름

BoMyung

JokBo IReum

Name of Record

Given name of record.  This is normally a one or two syllable given name recorded in large font size at the beginning of an individual’s record in a JokBo.

生員 생원 SaengWueon Title for a person who passed a civil examination or a respectful title for elderly
進士 진사 JinSa Title for a person who passed the primary state examination only
奉士 봉사 BongSa Title for a male = ??
參奉 참봉 ChamBong Title for a male = ??
直長 직장 JikJang Title for a male = ??
主簿 주부 JuBu Title for a male = ??
僉旨 첨지 CheomJi Title for a male = ??
參議 참의 ChamUi Title for a male = ??
副司 부사 BuSa Title for a male = ??
參判 참판 ChamPan Title for a male = ??
通德郞 통덕랑 TongDeokLang Title for a male = ??
通政大夫 통정대부 TongJeongDaeBu Title for a male = ??
嘉善大夫 가선대부 GaSeonDaeBu Title for a male = ??
淑婦人 숙부인 SugBuIn Title for a spouse = ??
貞婦人 정부인 JeongBuIn Title for a spouse = ??
Dae Generation
Sae Generation

 

 

 

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